It is not always advised to treat depression with medication. There are numerous excellent therapy options available, Depression medication none of them contain antidepressants.
Fast-acting antidepressants are available. Some people get an immediate reaction from them, but the relief is temporary and they have adverse effects. Some foods and some types of antidepressant medications should not be combined. People who take medicine for depression must have a food plan that they must adhere to for this reason. Between 20 and 40% of individuals do not benefit from depression drugs.
Knowing the many depression drug types, having a general understanding of how they operate, and being aware of the potential side effects that each type of medication has is beneficial if the individual truly needs their assistance.
Inhibitors of Selective Serotonin Reuptake (SSRIs)
One of the most well-liked subsets of these drugs is the SSRI. Serotonin is a brain chemical that is targeted by SSRIs. Because they have fewer side effects than the earlier varieties, they are the type of depression medicine that is most frequently administered.
Paxil (paroxetine), Lexapro (escitalopram oxalate), Zoloft (sertraline), Luvox (fluvoxamine), and Prozac are the medications categorised as SSRI (fluoxetine). Celexa is yet another example (citalopram). Erectile dysfunction, anxiety, restlessness, anger, agitation, nausea, insomnia, tremors, sweating, drowsiness, exhaustion, either constipation or diarrhoea, headaches, dry mouth, and either weight gain or loss are among the adverse effects reported for this particular type of antidepressant.
SSRIs may make a person more likely to consider suicide. A person who has been taking an SSRI and wants to transition to an MAOI should wait three weeks before doing so; otherwise, adverse reactions could occur that could endanger the person’s life.
Tricyclic Psychedelics (TCAs)
Compared to SSRIs, tricyclic antidepressants are older. The effects of this medication take two weeks to manifest, and they have more negative effects than SSRIs. Serotonin and norepinephrine, two of the three neurotransmitters in the brain, are the targets of tricyclic antidepressants. However, it was also noted that they were unnecessarily engaging with the other brain nerve impulses. Patients who are very depressed may benefit from it because it has a sedative impact on the user.
Adapin (doxepin), Sinequan (doxepin), Anafranil (clomipramine), Pamelor (nortryptyline), Surmontil (trimipramine), Tofranil (imipramine), Vivactil (protriptyline), Elavil (amitriptyline), and Norpramin are some of the TCA medications (desipramine). Pertofrane (desipramine), Endep (amitriptyline), and Ludiomil are also included (maprotiline).
TCAs and SSRI side effects are both observable. Additionally, those taking it may experience blurred vision, difficulties urinating, and extreme sun sensitivity.
Anti-monoamine oxidase agents (MOAIs)
The first class of antidepressants were MAOIs. People with mild depression and those who are highly sensitive to the surroundings take them. Serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine are the three neurotransmitters that are affected by MAOIs. Only when the patient has not responded to other types of therapy are MOAIs advised.
An individual using MAOIs needs to be mindful of his diet. There are numerous food varieties that can react negatively with MAOIs. Cheeses, wines, and chocolates are among the items on the list. Hypertension, headaches, changes in blood sugar levels in diabetics, and, at worst, a brain haemorrhage, are just a few of the side effects of these foods when combined with MAOIs.
Nardil (phenelzine), Parnate (tranylcypromine), Marplan (isocarboxazid), and Emsam are the medications categorised as MAOI (Selegiline ). The negative effects include drowsiness, headaches, sleeplessness, impotence, lightheadedness upon standing, and weight gain.
Atypical or Other Antidepressant Substances
These most recent antidepressant treatment modalities are categorised as atypical since they do not fit into any of the first three categories. The adverse effects vary depending on the specific medication because these drugs have various mechanisms of action.
Trazodone (Desyrel), Venlafaxine (Effexor), Nefazodone (Serzone), Duloxetine (Cymbalta), Mirtazapine (Remeron), and Bupropion are among the unusual types of depression medications on the list (Wellbutrin).
Never neglect to get medical advice before to beginning any form of depression medication. It is also helpful to be aware that many of them can raise a person’s propensity for suicide attempts. It’s also important to avoid abrupt discontinuation. The adverse effects of all depression medications must be tapered down in order to reduce their potential severity.